4 edition of Economic impact analysis for the proposed primary copper smelting NESHAP found in the catalog.
Economic impact analysis for the proposed primary copper smelting NESHAP
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards in Research Triangle Park, N.C
Written in English
|Other titles||Economic impact analysis for the proposed primary copper smelting National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants.|
|Contributions||United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 v. (various pagings)|
EPA is proposing amendments to the national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for Primary Lead Smelting to address the results of the residual risk and technology reviews conducted as required under sections (d)(6) and (f)(2) of the Clean Air Act (CAA). These proposed. Economic growth and rising consumption levels in Asia Pacific provide significant growth opportunities to the copper smelting market in the region. Performance of the global economy also affects the copper smelting market, with increase in demand for China's exports influencing copper usage and other downstream products such as refrigerators.
Primary copper production requires extraction and processing of very large amounts of ore. Typically, it is necessary to move several hundred tons of ore in order to produce 1 ton of refined copper. For instance, according to US copper mining statistics, for a national average % grade ore, it was necessary to move tons of material. discovered that heat made copper more malle-able. Casting and smelting of copper began around B.C. (see figure ). About B. C., copper was combined with tin to make bronze—an alloy that allowed stronger weapons and tools. Brass, an alloy of copper and zinc, probably was not developed until A.D.
Further, this analysis estimates the future changes in the life cycle impacts of Cu smelting and refining from to as smelting technologies improve and as global electricity mixes change subsequent to the IEA's climate‐change mitigation scenarios (IEA ). LCA results are used to estimate the future GHG mitigation potential of. , nor an economic impact analysis pursuant to Section , nor a regulatory flexibility analysis pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act (Pub. L. 96–, Septem ), nor a budgetary impact statement pursuant to the Unfunded Mandates Act of Also, this notice does not contain any information collection requirements.
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It is compared to the sales estimates developed in Section 4. As shown above, the estimated economic impacts of the primary copper smelting NESHAP on smelting facilities, as measured by the ratio of TAG to sales, is quite low. One U.S. smelter, Kennecott, is expected to incur no compliance costs because it is an area source of air emissions.
Get this from a library. Economic impact analysis for the proposed primary copper smelting NESHAP. [United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of. control emissions released from the primary copper smelting operations. The Innovative Strategies and Economics Group (ISEG) of the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) has developed this economic impact analysis (EIA) to support the evaluation of impacts associated with the regulatory options considered for this NESHAP.
By controlling. ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS: PRIMARY COPPER SMELTING 1 INTRODUCTION Pursuant to Section of the Clean Air Act, the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or the Agency) is developing a national emissions standard to control emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) released from domestic primary copper smelting operations.
Copper smelting is part of the primary copper production process. Primary copper production starts with mining of copper ore having copper content of only 1 percent to 2 percent and ends with commercial grade copper that is percent pure.
This NESHAP covers only a part of the primary copper production. PRODUCTION PROCESS, INPUTS, AND OUTPUTS. Proceedings of EMC 77 Primary Copper Smelting Impact Ilkka V. Kojo, Markus A. Reuter, Madeleine N.
Scheidema Outotec Oyj Rauhalanpuisto 9 (P.O. Box ). Primary Copper Smelting Impact. Proceedings of EMC Emissions, SO 2 and CO 2. Sulphur dioxide emissions released from a copper smelter have always been the focus of attention.
DRAFT Primary Copper RTR Emissions Risk Modeling File (4 MB, 2/26/) - If you have any questions about this file, please contact Tonisha Dawson at [email protected] or Fact Sheet. Related Rules. Primary Copper Smelting Area Sources: National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP).
Section Primary Copper Smelting. Including the introduction (Chapter 1), this report contains four chapters. Chapter 2 gives a description of the secondary copper industry. It includes a characterization of the industry, an overview of the different process types, a description of emissions, and a.
Copper matte converting is the key step to ensure high primary copper recovery in the smelting chain. Its development and the fundamental research carried. Lead in naturally found in many metallic ores and contribute to emissions during ore and metal processing (Table ).The leading causes of lead emissions in mining and mineral processing in the United States are lead smelters, primary and secondary copper smelting, and iron and steel can originate from nearly every smelting and refinery process including: milling.
Before the recent economic downturn copper was seen as a fairly steady commodity, and was referred to as Dr. Copper (with a Ph.D. in economics, of course). However, as the international economy changes copper seems to have lost its place as a viable economic indicator; primarily, because the price of copper.
EPA develops Economic Impact Analyses (EIAs) to support the development of national air pollution regulations. as well as a compilation of the data necessary to define a baseline for an economic analysis and estimate required parameters for the economic model. Primary Copper Smelting NESHAP, Final (36 pp, K) Industry.
1) For new construction and renovation of copper smelters, which use copper concentrate and secondary copper resources, their smelting capacity has to betons / year and above; 2) 2) For new construction of primary copper smelters, their overall energy consumption of smelting process has to be kg of standard coal / ton and below.
We proposed the NESHAP for the primary copper smelting source category on Ap (63 FR ). A day comment period was provided for the proposed rule.
We received a total of 11 comment letters. A copy of each of these comment letters is available in the docket for this rulemaking (Docket No. Economic Impact Analysis for the Proposed Primary Copper Estimated Anode Copper Capacity, Estimated Smelter for Copper and Copper Alloy, Copper Mill Products Consumption By End Estimated Costs of Complying with the Primary Copper Smelting NESHAP.
controls, and the impact of those controls on do-mestic competitiveness. Further analysis of envi-ronmental regulation and its impact on the U.S. copper industry may be found in chapter AIR QUALITY Pollutants of Concern and Their Regulation Uncontrolled copper smelting processes emit large quantities of particulate matter, trace ele.
The final NESHAP did not include requirements for existing area sources because at that time there were no existing secondary copper smelters. Therefore, there is not any, nor would there ever be, an existing secondary copper smelter that would be subject to this rule.
On this page: Rule Summary; Rule History; Rule Summary. These standards, which were promulgated on Janurequire new and modified Primary Copper Smelters to limit particulate matter emissions to 50 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter (mg/dscm), maintain opacity at or below 20%, and limit sulfur dioxide emissions in the gases released from the stacks (from roasters, smelting.
Market Size & Industry Statistics. The total U.S. industry market size for Primary Smelting & Refining of Copper: Industry statistics cover all companies in the United States, both public and private, ranging in size from small businesses to market addition to revenue, the industry market analysis shows information on employees, companies, and average firm size.
SECONDARY COPPER SMELTING, REFINING, AND ALLOYING Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency OAQPS/TSD/EIB Research Triangle Park, NC II Pacific Environmental Services, Inc.
South Miami Boulevard, Suite Post Office Box Research Triangle Park, NC /This document presents our responses to public comments on the proposed rule and the supplemental proposal. Public Participation in Rule Development We proposed the NESHAP for primary copper smelters on Ap (see 63 FR ).This analysis provides an assessment of the economic impact on the primary copper industry that will result from air and water pollution control requirements anticipated through The information presented here was developed in a period of seven weeks under a contract with the Environmental.